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What Is A "Perfect Bite" In Dental Jargon?
Women touching whitened and perfectly aligned teeth with their tongues

"Bite" is a term that's often used in the dental world. A person's "bite" refers to how their upper and lower rows of teeth align together inside the mouth. Is there any such thing as a perfect bite? Yes, there is. According to dentists in Medavakkam, the upper teeth should slightly edge over the lower teeth, and the grooves of both sets of molars should match each other. Such a bite is termed as an ideal bite or normal bite.

Unfortunately, a very small percentage of people are blessed with an ideal bite. Most people have a "Malocclusion" or a bad bite. It occurs when the upper and lower teeth are misaligned and don't fit together the way they should. The common reasons for bad bite include:

  • Prolonged bottle-feeding
  • Thumb-sucking in childhood
  • Prolonged use of a pacifier
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Injuries on the lip or jaw
  • Tonsilitis and adenoids
  • Mouth-breathing
  • Abnormally shaped teeth

Fortunately, with the latest advancements in dental science, a bad bite should be the least of your worries. There are different types of Malocclusions, all of which can be rectified with dental braces. Let's explore the different types of bite problems, how they occur, and how your orthodontist can treat them.

Dental Braces: One Solution For Six Common Bite Problems

Dental braces are orthodontic devices used to align crooked teeth according to the person's bite. But our orthodontists at 4 Squares Dentistry will tell you that braces can do more than just that. They can also improve a person's smile and influence their overall dental health.

But let's get back to business and familiarise ourselves with the common bite problems that can be corrected with dental braces.

1. Overbite

When the upper jaw extends over the lower jaw, it causes the upper teeth to overlap the lower ones. This type of bite is called the overbite. What's bad about the overbite is that it can wear down the incisors or the front teeth and damage the gum tissues resulting in a gummy smile. Fortunately, invisible teeth braces or aligners can rectify overbites.

2. Underbite

An underbite occurs when the lower jaw extends much further than the upper jaw, causing a "bulldog appearance". Also called an anterior crossbite, it requires the use of braces for a prolonged period. For severe underbites, the person may require surgery to rectify and reshape the lower or upper jaw. Without treatment, underbites can cause:

  • Damage to enamel
  • Tension headaches
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ)
  • Worn-down teeth
  • Jaw stress and trauma

3. Crossbite

Crossbites occur when the top and bottom teeth do not match correctly. Crossbites are of two types: Anterior and posterior crossbite. In an anterior crossbite, the lower teeth fit behind the upper teeth. It is just the opposite in posterior crossbite.

Crossbite is a serious orthodontic issue as it can occur in one or several teeth. This Malocclusion is also common amongst children who haven't lost their milk teeth. The side effects of crossbites include:

  • Tension headaches
  • Jaw grinding
  • Uneven facial appearance
  • Teeth protrusion
  • Loss of enamel

4. Openbite

An open bite occurs when the upper and lower jaw does not join together and leave a visible gap when biting down. Dentists blame childhood habits like thumb sucking and prolonged use of pacifiers as the reason for open bites. In some cases, they can occur if the person has small and irregular sized teeth. Left untreated, open bites can cause:

  • Slurred speech
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Speech impediments like lisp

5. Spacing

Spacing is when there are large, prominent gaps between the teeth. This Malocclusion allows food particles to accumulate between the gaps, making it a perfect breeding ground for plaque build-up. Spacing can lead to:

Dentists recommend Damon braces or self-litigating braces as opposed to traditional braces to rectify spacing.

6. Crowding

Crowding is the stark opposite of bracing. The lack of adequate space in the mouth causes the teeth to rotate, overlap, and get trapped in the centre of the oral cavity. Such a misalignment can look appalling and entirely change the person's appearance. However, crowding can cause more serious problems like:

  • Accumulation of food particles resulting in Gingivitis
  • Tooth decay due to improper brushing and  flossing

Dentists recommend braces and palate expanders to rectify crowding. Some extreme cases may require surgery or tooth extraction.

4 Squares Dentistry: Superb Dental Care For Bite Problems

At 4 Squares Dentistry, we offer excellent orthodontic treatment options to rectify bite problems of all kinds. We operate the best dental clinic in Gowrivakkam, Medavakkam where we offer several options for dental braces to realign and reposition your teeth. Trust in our dental care to regain your pretty smile!

Also Read: Tooth Loss And Its Effects – Explained By Dentists From Leading Dental Hospital In Medavakkam