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Understanding Periodontitis, Ways To Treat And Prevent
A closeup of periodontitis affected teeth - gum infection in teeth

Understanding Periodontitis, Ways To Treat And Prevent

Are you experiencing tenderness in your gums? Periodontitis can be the reason. It is a gum disease that leads to inflammation and bleeding of the gums. You will lose your teeth if you do not treat them. It is a serious condition that can destroy the ligaments and bones around your teeth. Treatment techniques may involve deep cleaning or surgery, depending on the severity. But always remember that prevention is better than cure. A regular brushing and flossing routine with frequent dental check-ups can effectively prevent periodontitis. There are seven kinds of periodontitis; however, two of them are commonly diagnosed. Let us discuss them in detail for better understanding.

Types: Chronic Periodontitis And Aggressive Periodontitis

Chronic Periodontitis infects the oral cavity by targeting the periodontal tissues. It causes inflammation due to an accumulation of dental plaque in an exorbitant volume. In contrast, aggressive periodontitis is another destructive disease that involves multiple teeth infections. It follows a distinctive pattern to damage the periodontal tissues. The disease progression is faster in aggressive periodontitis and usually affects people at an early age. Symptoms commonly sighted with a periodontitis condition are:

  • Puffy and swollen gum line
  • Colour of the gum changes to red or purple
  • Gum tenderness
  • Frequent gum bleeding
  • Bad breath
  • Pain while chewing food
  • Pus formation in between the teeth and gums
  • Loss of tooth
  • Gap increases in between the teeth
  • Facial structure changes as the gums start to recede
  • Teeth bite changes and become misaligned

Causes Of Periodontitis

When a plaque starts to develop, it eventually advances to periodontitis. Plaque forms when the starch or sugar in food interacts with the bacteria in the mouth. The plaque hardens with time and forms a hard tartar under the gum line. Tartar becomes difficult to clean. The longer duration a tooth is exposed to plaque and tartar, the more damage it can cause. Removing a plaque is possible by brushing twice a day and flossing regularly. But tartar becomes impossible to remove without a professional dental cleaning. Do not panic. You can always schedule a dental cleaning appointment with the dental hospital in Medavakkam for instant treatment.

With time plaque will cause gingivitis which is the mildest form of gum disease. Irritation and inflammation on the gum and base of the teeth will be the symptoms. You can reverse a gingivitis condition with good oral care at home or professional treatment.

Any gum inflammation can trigger and develop into periodontitis. It will form pockets between teeth and gums. With time these pockets accumulate more bacteria, plaque and tartar. As these pockets start to grow deeper with time, more bacteria get collected. When left untreated, the infections become profound and loosen the bone and tissues holding the tooth. Eventually, you will lose one or more teeth. Another impact of periodontitis is that it decreases the immunity levels of the system.

Periodontitis Treatment Methods

Periodontitis becomes easily treatable when diagnosed early. There are certain steps you should follow religiously apart from perfect oral hygiene.

Schedule Dental Cleaning

Get a dental cleaning at least once a year. It is a magical key that will open up the door to prevent various gum diseases. If you have already been diagnosed with periodontitis, make it a point to visit your dentist at least twice a year. During this periodontitis treatment, the dentist will:

  • Polish your teeth
  • Remove plaque and tartar
  • Clean tooth roots and deep gum pockets
  • Use fluoride to treat and strengthen your teeth


Antibiotics and other medications are a solution when the condition is severe. The medications may be antimicrobial mouthwash with chlorhexidine, antibiotic gels or pills, and enzyme suppressant with doxycycline.


When your condition has crossed the mark and gone to an advanced stage, you might need a surgical intervention with the best dentist in Gowrivakkam. The flap surgery involves lifting the back of your gums to clean the bone and removing tartar from tooth roots. With sutures, the gums are fixed back in place. On the contrary, bone and tissue grafting surgery are performed on people whose gum and bone have receded. A natural or synthetic bone and gum are replaced in affected areas.


Now you must be aware of the complications of periodontitis. We at 4 Squares Dentistry offer the best and right treatment options for various types of periodontitis. Keep in mind that the bacteria responsible for causing periodontitis are capable of entering your bloodstream. Studies report that periodontitis is linked to rheumatoid arthritis, respiratory disease, coronary artery disease and diabetes. So, we suggest that you follow good oral hygiene and keep practicing it consistently for life.

Also Read: Prepare for Dentist Appointment