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Our Tryst With Dental Diseases
Using dental equipment and a mini torch, a dentist examines a patient's teeth

Our Tryst With Dental Diseases

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that an estimated 3.5 billion people worldwide experience oral diseases every year. Unfortunately, that's just a little less than half the global population.

It's shocking to know that dental diseases are so widely prevalent. After all, it doesn't take much to prevent the most common oral health issues. There are just three things you need to do:

  • Adequate oral care like brushing twice a day and flossing daily
  • Regular dental checkups to rule out oral diseases
  • Healthy diet that aids to your oral health

This is the standard mantra to prevent all types of dental diseases. Yet, going by WHO's numbers, this seems too much to do for so many of us. However, the good news is that some of the most common dental diseases are easily preventable and treatable.

Our article explores a list of the common oral diseases we have encountered in our lifetime. We've also discussed how your dentist will treat these diseases. Let's check out the details.

5 Prevailing Dental Diseases & Their Treatment Options

1. Dental Cavities

Did you know that 2.38 billion adults and children worldwide are affected by dental cavities or caries? Dental caries is the second most common health problem. The first one, of course, is the common cold.

What causes it:

Plaque buildup on teeth is the culprit behind dental caries. It is the sticky, yellowish film formed by the bacteria in your mouth. The bacteria act on the sugary food particles in your mouth to produce acids that eat into the tooth enamel, causing dental cavities.


Dental fillings are the ideal solution for cavities, but only if they are detected at an early stage. If the tooth decay is bad, you may require a root canal treatment or tooth extraction.

2. Gum Diseases

Gum diseases or Periodontal diseases are common in adults over 30 years of age. Gingivitis, the milder form of the disease, is characterized by tender gums that bleed easily. Periodontitis, the more serious condition, can destroy the bone and tissues that keep your teeth in place, resulting in complete tooth loss.

What causes it:

Plaque and tartar buildup due to bad oral hygiene are the primary reasons for gum diseases. Smoking is also a contributing factor to gum diseases.


Like cavities, gum diseases detected in the early stages are easily treatable. Gingivitis can be treated by regularising your dental habits and consulting with your dentist. However, if it cannot be reversed, your dentist will recommend scaling and root planning to remove the plaque from your teeth.

To treat Periodontitis, you may need a dose of antibiotics or surgery, depending on the severity of the problem.

3. Teeth Sensitivity

Did you know that teeth sensitivity signals an underlying oral problem? Your teeth will not become sensitive unless the enamel or the outer protective layer starts wearing out. When the enamel wears off, it exposes the underlying layer called Dentin which is connected to your root tooth.

When the exposed Dentin comes into contact with hot or cold foods, it activates the nerve in your tooth, causing mild or extreme sensitivity.

What causes it:

Dentists list three reasons for tooth sensitivity:

  • Receding gums
  • Tooth decay
  • Worn-out fillings


For mild sensitivity, you can use a toothpaste specially made for sensitive teeth. For severe sensitivity, the treatment options are:

  • Flouride treatment
  • Gum grafting
  • Root canal treatment

4. Bad Breath

Bad breath is one of those health problems that cause embarrassment and even anxiety. It's no wonder that store shelves are overflowing with all kinds of quick relief measures to deal with bad breath.

Halitosis or bad breath is often the symptom of an underlying cause. Therefore, if your bad breath persists even after deploying simple self-care techniques, you need to see a dentist.

What causes it:

Bad breath has many causes, such as:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Dry mouth
  • Oral infections
  • Medications
  • Oral cancer
  • Acid reflux
  • Foods like onion, garlic, brussels sprouts
  • Use of tobacco products
  • Severe tonsilitis
  • Chronic nose and throat inflammations


It is possible to eliminate bad breath by making lifestyle changes like brushing and cleaning your tongue after meals and increasing your water intake. However, if the condition persists, you should consult a dentist to diagnose the root cause.

5. Bruxism

Bruxism is the dental term for teeth grinding and clenching. It is a dental condition where you unconsciously grind, gnash, and clench your teeth. Bruxism is of two types:

  • Awake bruxism
  • Sleep bruxism

Sleep bruxism is a sleep-related disorder that causes other problems like snoring and sleep apnea. Severe bruxism of any kind can lead to damaged teeth, jaw pain and recurring headaches. It will also wear out your teeth, leading to other dental issues.

What causes it:

Although there are no definitive reasons for bruxism, experts say it is a manifestation of psychological, physical, and genetic factors. Stress and anxiety can also lead to bruxism. Awake bruxism could be a coping mechanism or a long-term habit.

Treatment: For sleep bruxism, your dentist may recommend wearing a mouth guard to safeguard your teeth.

4 Squares Dentistry: Your Solution For All Types Of Dental Diseases

4 Squares Dentistry is the best dental clinic in Gowrivakkam, and Medavakkam, Chennai, and your one-stop shop to treat all kinds of dental diseases. Our dental team has the experience and expertise to diagnose and treat common and rare dental issues. Have an oral health issue? Do not waste time! Book your appointment with our dentists in Medavakkam or Gowrivakkam today!

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